The puzzling, fascinating surface of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa looms large in this newly-reprocessed color view, made from images taken by NASA's Galileo spacecraft in the late 1990s. This is the color view of Europa from Galileo that shows the largest portion of the moon's surface at the highest resolution.
The view was previously released as a mosaic with lower resolution and strongly enhanced color (see PIA02590). To create this new version, the images were assembled into a realistic color view of the surface that approximates how Europa would appear to the human eye.
The scene shows the stunning diversity of Europa’s surface geology. Long, linear cracks and ridges crisscross the surface, interrupted by regions of disrupted terrain where the surface ice crust has been broken up and re-frozen into new patterns.
Color variations across the surface are associated with differences in geologic feature type and location. For example, areas that appear blue or white contain relatively pure water ice, while reddish and brownish areas include non-ice components in higher concentrations. The polar regions, visible at the left and right of this view, are noticeably bluer than the more equatorial latitudes, which look more white. This color variation is thought to be due to differences in ice grain size in the two locations.
Images taken through near-infrared, green and violet filters have been combined to produce this view. The images have been corrected for light scattered outside of the image, to provide a color correction that is calibrated by wavelength. Gaps in the images have been filled with simulated color based on the color of nearby surface areas with similar terrain types.
This global color view consists of images acquired by the Galileo Solid-State Imaging (SSI) experiment on the spacecraft's first and fourteenth orbits through the Jupiter system, in 1995 and 1998, respectively. Image scale is 1 mile (1.6 kilometers) per pixel. North on Europa is at right.
The Galileo mission was managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, for the agency's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena.
Additional information about Galileo and its discoveries is available on the Galileo mission home page at http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/galileo/. More information about Europa is available at http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/europa.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SETI Institute Read More
You are currently browsing the archives for the Psychedelics category.
I was a child of the seventies. Before DARE, before the talking dogs of the “above the influence campaign, before the “this is your brain drugs” commercials, there was the after school special. I even remember one particular show where a young Helen Hunt smokes PCP and jumps out of a window at school. Ever wonder why they call a light weight weed smoker an after school special? It comes from this era. The two videos below are cute, if typical, examples of the type of indoctrination I recieved as a young lad.
Warning: Watching this video too many times may stimulate some viewers to jump off buildings in the attempt to fly. Massively freaked video tripology is on display below. This is a pretty good simulation of psychedelic sensory perception, if you ate the brown acid tabs at a city cafe in mid-afternoon.
Stare at it four about ten minutes and you will be hypnotized! It is beyond kaleidoscopic. It is a swirling, vibrating mass of sound and color. The only thing this video cannot capture is the experience of having millions of thoughts stream through your consciousness simultaneously. That aspect of the experience is why people consider psychedelia to be visionary. Relax, surf the waves of chaos. As you watch, keep in mind the wise words of Willy Wonka: “We are the music makers; We are the dreamers of the dreams”
In 1950, The CIA began something called MK-ULTRA. It was to be a program where the strategic uses of hallucinogens would be explored. The armed services initiated this program because of their concern that the Soviet Union had already perfected mind control and brainwashing techniques. MK-ULTRA was, in part, a covert scientific inquiry into the psychiatric possibilities of behavior modification utilizing hallucinogens.Amazing isn’t it? Officially, the CIA stopped this program in 1977. There have been several civil lawsuits against them since then, claiming psychological damages from their experiments.
From Armor For The Inner Man, 2007/11/15 at 3:42 PM
The potential for a new form of weaponry to truly destroy all of our freedoms exist.
Whether or not you personally believe in this technology, you must agree that any use or discovery of applicable versions of this at any future point would be abhorrent to the values of the New Zealand/Aotearoan people, and people world wide, and should be declared illegal world wide.
It is as abhorrent to destroy a mind as to destroy a human.
The largest disinformation project of modern times has been the reach for mind control weaponry.
The casualties left in psychiatric wards across the developed world are probably higher than the total number of American’s dead in all wars since the start of this century.
Both America and Russia use these techniques, while they have been made illegal in France and Italy.
To join, search for “Make Mind Control Illegal” on Facebook.
Here is a set of links from the academic, military and media worlds in order to update your knowledge.
Closely examines the work of Doctor Jose Delgado, originally published in Scientific America.
For more information about Dr Delgado, check any University Library in New Zealand, or more specifically, the University of Otago, Dunedin.
Wikipedia entry on American research, covers exporting of dangerous experiments to foreign countries as “Medical Aid,” and the policy of no consent and no information, also briefly states there was a 1978 Congressional Inquiry into the program.
Bill Clinton’s apology for unethical research on the American people.
Why did Iraqi troops surrender to America during gulf war one? This seems to me to be a viable explanation. May not be purely factual.
Department of Homeland Security buying Russian mind control technology. Is this technology trojan’d?
The video’s by this guy are fascinating, and well worth watching, however whoever made them definitely does not reference their research enough. Also, you never know with any kind of media what you are really getting exposed to.
Identical trends to what has happened here in NZ re suicide, why are the numbers for ex-US Soldiers identical to average males in the military age group in New Zealand?
Italy passes law against Mind Control.
(France has also passed better laws against mind control)
This video describes the out come of an MK-ULTRA experiment. The subjects in the video have been dosed with LSD. The army was concerned that the Soviet Union had found, in LSD, a drug capable of disorienting their enemy. The army was trying to find out the effects of LSD on troop morale and capability. They found, of course, that LSD is very incapacitating.
(video courtesy of cnacu6o)
This brings back memories of my young adulthood. This short 58 second video is a must see for those who would like to know what it is like to be high on a psychedelic and look at yourself in the mirror. It is very trippy. Check it out.
A Note For The Narcophobes
For those of you who have never taken LSD, what follows will sound ridiculous. However, the fact is, you are unaware.
A person who has never taken LSD has never turned the lights on in the house of their mind. A person who has never had that experience is by definition less creative and less active mentally. So you might as well skip reading this.
In The Beginning
Albert Hoffman was born in 1906. He worked as a chemist for Sandoz laboratories in Switzerland. He investigated the chemical structure and medicinal uses of Ergot. Ergot is a fungus that grows on rye. Albert Hoffman was specifically looking for a chemical agent that could alter blood flow. He “cooked up” twenty five analogs of lysergic acid diethylamide. With the successful synthesis of LSD-25 (the twenty fifth analog), Hoffman thought he had a medicine that could stimulate both the respiratory and circulatory system. Subsequent animal testing failed to yield any positive results.
So Hoffman put LSD-25 away for several years.
The World’s First Acid Trip
Then on April 16 1943, after having just completed a fresh batch, Hoffman started to feel….well, funny. He wrote to his supervisor, “I was forced to interrupt my work in the laboratory in the middle of the afternoon and proceed home, being affected by a remarkable restlessness, combined with slight dizziness. At home, I lay down and sank into a not-unpleasant intoxicated-like condition, characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. In a dreamlike state I perceived an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors. After some two hours, this condition faded away.”
Naturally, he was intrigued. This was the world’s first acid trip.
Three days later, on April 19, 1943, Hoffman intentionally ingested a small, or so he thought, amount of the drug. Hoffman writes, “Everything in the room spun around, and the familiar objects and pieces of furniture assumed grotesque, threatening forms.” This was the world’s first bad acid trip. This day would later come to be known as “Bicycle Day” to heads all around the world.
The invention of LSD-25 may be the single most underrated invention of the twentieth century. Thanks to Albert Hoffman, three generations have now been able to trip the light fantastic whenever they want. Thanks to Albert Hoffman, at any given moment, on any given day, with all of the convenience of instant oatmeal, you can keep your own personal appointment with God.
LSD changed the world very quickly. In the late fifties and early sixties, it was a widely acclaimed wonder drug that helped psychiatrists develop new insights into the minds of autistic, paranoid and schizophrenic people. More than two thousand research papers appeared over the next decade. The CIA saw LSD as a potential warfare agent. Through the MK-ULTRA program, began testing the drug on soldiers without their informed consent. They tried to use it first as a truth serum and later as an inebrient on the battle field.
By the middle sixties, Harvard University psychologists Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert, began promoting the idea of LSD as a pathway to spiritual enlightenment and then as a major recreational drug. By the late sixties, LSD use had become a counter culture phenomenon.
The establishment was not pleased. In 1966, amidst familiar scare stories of mass murder and rape while under the influence of LSD, the US banned its use, followed by most other countries. Hoffman wrote, “Instead of a `wonder child,’ LSD suddenly became my `problem child,’”
Well, Albert Hoffman, as you take The Ultimate Trip, it is worth thanking you for the creation of this problem child. Without it, most of the music I like would not have been made. Without LSD, most of the books and movies I like would not have been made. Without LSD, John F. Kennedy would never have been inspired to create NASA. Without LSD, the personal computer would not exist. LSD changed my life for the better by giving me a fuller sensory appreciation of it. It is indeed medicine for the soul.
The animated video below is a kind of commemoration of Bicycle Day.
(video posted to you tube by david normal with music courtesy of Pink Floyd